WHAT ARE INTERNSHIPS? | TYPES OF INTERNSHIPS | HOW TO APPLY
Types of internships
There are many different types of internships available for you to choose from depending on your area of study or personal interests.
Internships for credit
Universities and colleges work collaboratively with companies to offer students internships for academic credits. These credits provide you with hands-on experience while fulfilling your academic requirements. Internships for credits are a great way to accomplish two goals at once.
Academic internships can be arranged through your academic adviser and may last 1-2 semesters in duration. To receive credit, students may be asked to keep a journal, write an essay, or make a presentation about the experience.
Summer internship programs are normally shorter in duration and can last from a few weeks to an entire summer. These internships provide academic credits or experience in your field.
Most commonly, summer internships are arranged with your school, but independent internship opportunities can be found in fields such as tourism internships or hospitality internships.
There are many types of summer internships offered to students. You may choose from paid summer internship programs, high school summer internships, or internships based on location. Learn more about the specifics of an internship.
Non-profit internships are normally for organizations such as charities, schools, government agencies, religious organizations, or hospitals. The aim of non-profit internships are to provide a public service for the community. Internships at non-profit organizations are typically unpaid but look impressive on a resume or on a CV.
With this unique type of internship, you work for an organized community organization such as a library, a shelter, or a community center. Service learning programs are structured in a three-step process which require participants to:
- Define the objectives and goals of the project
- Perform the service work
- Present their experiences in a presentation or a paper
Examples of service learning projects could be taking part in a reading assistance program at a library, working with veterinarians at an animal shelter, or designing a playground at a community center. Through service learning, you receive transferable skills while benefiting the community.
Job shadowing is also known as an "externship" and is similar to an internship but shorter, lasting from a few days to several weeks. Job shadowing is used as an activity for high school or university students to explore different career options.
Students taking part in job shadowing will spend time observing their mentor while working together with other professionals. Job shadowing is a great way to gain insight and experience while helping you decide the direction of your career.
Whichever type of internship you choose, you’ll have the chance to transfer your academic knowledge to real life experience. Read all about the application process for internships here.